Overview of Alamo Archaeology May 2, 2010 8:41:14 GMT -5
Post by TRK on May 2, 2010 8:41:14 GMT -5
Oct 6, 2009 19:17:38 GMT -5 @powderkeg said:"The palisade trench yielded a large number of artifacts related to the 1836 battle."
What are they and when can we see them?
I can answer the "What are they" part of your question, based on Jack D. Eaton, Excavations at the Alamo Shrine, Center for Archaeological Research, University of Texas at San Antonio, Special Report No. 10 (1980). Note, a section of the palisade trench near the church was just part of what this excavation unearthed, and the following is only my abstract of that portion of the report, which contains much more detailed information.
Ceramics: many fragments, including Majolica, Goliad, and Mocha ware; Pearlware; unslipped utility ware, etc.
Glass: A small number of fragments, including clear and tinted bottle and 1 fragment clear flat.
Chert: 1 Mission-type point and 1 small fragment of a gun flint of local chert
Metal: 34 iron fragments, 2 lead fragments, 11 square nails, misc. bits of metal, 1 brass buckle (fragment: from a belt or shoe(, 1 brass button, 1 iron musket sling swivel (identified as from a Brown Bess), 6 lead balls, 2 brass balls (i.e., spherical canister or grape shot), 2 spherical bronze shells, and 1 unidentified metal tool "with a screwdiver blade on one end and an attachment hole on the opposite end...Possibly this tool was attached to a gun carriage as part of the kit".
Bone: 1 button (1.47" diameter, one center hole; possibly a shirt button), 1 fragment of a cuff link
Building materials: 1 red ceramic floor tile, fragment, probably Spanish Colonial
Misc.: 12 fragments of charcoal, 4 mussel shells, 1 animal bone
A few notes:
The 2 solid bronze balls: one, 1.15" in diameter, was slightly flattened and had a deep hole in one side, possibly from the heat of firing; this may have been a canister shot. The other, 1.3" in diameter, may have been a grape, canister, or case shot.
The spherical shell fragments were determined to be from original shells measuring in diameter, respectively, 7.4" and 7.2" and may have been from the same shell.